Since national independence, which took place in 1975, and despite limited financial resources, the safeguarding and nhancement of Cabo Verde's cultural heritage has been a constant concern within the framework of the country's governance. This concern resulted, among several actions, in the recovery and rehabilitation of the built heritage, in the safeguarding of oral traditions and cultural manifestations and in the collection of movable properties, all over the country.
With regard to movable properties, the collections carried out between 1992 and 1995, on the islands of Santo Antão, Santiago, Fogo and Brava, whose ultimate objective was the creation of the National Museum, a project that did not materialize, stand out, in the meantime having created the Ethnographic Museum of Praia in 1997.
In the exercise of its responsibilities, the Museums Directorate is responsible for:
Cabo Verde currently has 24 museological structures, of which 8 are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Culture and Creative Industries and the rest are managed by public and private entities. These address quite diverse themes and are distributed in a balanced way across the different islands.
The 8 museums supervised by the Ministry of Culture and Creative Industries, through the Institute of Cultural Heritage – (IPC) are located on 3 islands:
Ilha de Santiago:
Ilha do Sal
Ilha de São Vicente
The management policy for Museums in Cabo Verde, following the guidelines of the governance programme, has sought their best positioning in the socio-economic and cultural context of the country, aligning them with sustainable development strategies, mainly regarding the tourism, culture and education sectors, assuming a determinant role in safeguarding the national heritage, for the knowledge and appropriation of Cabo Verde's history and cultural identity.
Thus, the Museums of Cabo Verde was designed as a project to enhance the national museological framework through the qualification of museums, modernization and reinforcement of their attractiveness.
It is the institutional and governmental understanding that it is time to formalise national museological activity. It is in this sense that the legal framework for museums is currently being updated, which will define criteria for the operation of museums and the creation of a network to improve the level of cooperation amongs different museums, whether public or private.